What is the operating system?
What is the operating system. os is a system software without which the computer cannot run. os means software to operate the system. As such, the window is a requirement of the of to run the computer.
The window of activates the hardware part of the computer and gets the task performed in the computer. Talking about the process here, the process means all management. Like user management system: like adding user, deleting user etc.
Work of operating system
File management and folder management
how to create a file in file and folder management, how to create a folder. Save the date and time that the file is created so that you can search the file and folder according to that date and time. To search the file and folder, we can also search by its name. All this is achieved through the facility os. This is called the file and folder management system.
Memory management system
In memory management system, the computer os manages two types of memory. First Main Memory and Second Secondary Memory. Whenever we have to do any work, we first complete that work in main memory. When our work completes, then save that data in secondary memory. All this process comes within memory management. The os also disguises to perform multiprocessing in memory management.
Process Management System
The os in the system provides process scheduling. Through which all process scheduling is completed. The os checks whether the computer’s processor is free or not. If the processor of the computer is free, then the process makes the processor work, which we call the traffic controller.
Device Management System
Many devices are used inside a computer. All devices are a hardware part with a chip inside. The device is internal and external. Internal has sound card, Bluetooth card, graphic card, WiFi card and external has input / output port. Through which input and output devices can be connected. There is a requirement of a driver or a type of software to run all these devices. The os supports to install the driver. Which installs the driver and allows the devices connected to the input and output to work. It is the os of all the work that the device management system does.
Network Management System
The computer has a NIC(NETWORK INTERFACE CARD) card on the mother board. Through which we can connect one computer to another computer. And you can share files and folders with each other. Sending and receiving files all work through the os. The os allows to send files. The os allows the file to be received
This is called network management system.
Security Management System
The os in the computer provides security. You can create your user account in computer. In which you can create username and password. After that whenever you open the computer, first you will be asked to enter username and password. After that you can access all the applications and file folders of the computer. All this work is done through the os.
Error management system
If ERROR is generated in your system, the os detects it and recovers ERROR.
Advantages of operating system
The os has input / output devices control. Scheduling the process is the job of the os. When the process completes, the os de-allocates it. The os detects and recovers the ERROR. The os creates synergy between users and the system. The os is a repository of many programs that help to run other application programs.
Type of operating system
- Batch os
- Network os
- Distributed os
- Real time os
Batch Operating System
The batch operating system is not directly interacted with the computer. In this, an operator is used who assigns the similar job and makes a group and sends it to the CPU.
Advantage of batch operating system can share multiple batch in batch operating system.
Work is easily done in batch.
Batch operating system manages large work.
Disadvantage of batch osm Debugging in batch os is very difficult. Batch operating system is ready, if any task fails in the batch os, then the task has to wait a long time to complete.
Example of batch os Generating bank statement, payroll system is an example of batch os.
Network Operating System
The network os is always colored on the server and manages the Data Groups Security Application Networking Function Score. We can share files, printers and many resources in the network os. Network os are of two types.
1 Peer 2 Peer Network
2 client and server network management systems
Peer 2 Peer Network
Peer 2 Peer Network shares the network me resource. Peer 2 Peer networks are also called point to point networks. This network is installed in the local area network. It is not much costlier.
client and server network management systems
The Paint Server network operating system consists of two important nodes. The first note is for the client and the second note is for the server. There is a server in the architecture that attaches to many clients. Whenever the client does any work on his system, his data is saved directly to the server. . Where other clients can also get that data
Real Time Operating System
Real time operating system is used for strict response. Where some work has to be done at the right time. Such as missile system air traffic control system robots etc.
There are two types of real time operating systems
1 hard real time system
2 soft real time systems
1 Hard Real Time System: Time is given a lot of attention in the time system. If the dance is not performed at the right time, then it is not acceptable.
2 Soft Real Time System: Time is not given much attention in soft real time system.
Advantages of Real Time Operating System
Real-time operating system name devices are used more and more. It takes 10 micro seconds to shift a task. Nowadays the latest real time operating system takes 3 micro seconds. The real time operating system is error free, in the system memory allocation is good.
Disadvantage of real time operating system
Disadvantage of real time operating system is that it can perform limited tasks at one time, it is very expansive. It has a very difficult and complex algorithm written.
Distributed operating system
This type of os is considered a very good os. Communication technology has changed well through the distributor os. The distributed os is very cheap.
In a distributor operating system, if a user is operating a computer and no software is installed on his system, then he can use the software through the distributor operating system. But for this system must be connected to the network. If remote access is enabled then it can use the software.
Advantages of Distributor os: We can exchange data via electronic mail. In the distributed os, data processing becomes very quick. The loading time of the computer is reduced, the computation is very fast in the distributor os.
Disadvantage of distributed operating system:
If the main network fails then communication cannot take place
This os is very expansive. This os is not easily available. Distributor os is example LOCUS .